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How To Tie Basic Fly Fishing Knots

How To Tie Basic Fly Fishing Knots

How To Tie Basic Fly Fishing Knots

Learning to fly fish will inevitably involve knowing how to tie a few basic knots - along with a few tips to make sure you get things right. This can sound a little daunting at the start, but don’t worry; these knots will soon become as routine and simple as tying your own shoe laces. Let’s take a look at the knots you may need in the order you will use them as you assemble your outfit.

How To Tie Basic Fly Fishing Knots

The Arbor

This is the knot that will tie the backing to your reel. This is a very simple knot that is basically one overhand knot tied around the line and another overhand knot that sits tag end to allow you to cinch the knot tightly.

The Albright knot

Green AirCel Scientific Anglers Floating Trout Fly Line

This is a good choice of knot to deal with the different materials of your chosen fly line, such as the Green AirCel Scientific Anglers Floating Trout Fly Line and backing line and will slide through your rod’s guides easier. Some anglers will also coat this knot with a type of rubber-based cement, which makes it even more secure and smoother. This knot, which is perfect for connecting lines of different diameters, is also called the Albright special.

Tying the Albright knot

1. Take the heavier of the two lines and create a loop. Run around 10 inches of your lighter line through this loop.

2. Hold the three strands of line with your index finger and thumb and wrap the lighter line back on itself and back on both loop strands.

3. Wrap ten tight turns and feed your tag end through the loop again to exit it on the same site as it went in.

4. Hold either end of the heavier line. Slide until the wraps are at the end of your loop. Pull on the lighter line to tighten it and clip the tag end near to the knot.

The Nail knot

Air Cel Scientific Anglers Floating Fly line

This knot can be used to attach a fly line, such as the Air Cel Scientific Anglers Floating Fly line, to the backing or to the leader. It is a more complicated choice than the Albright special, but you can get small tools to help you with the job. If you don’t want to buy specialist tools, you could use a nail, toothpick or another object that is about double the diameter of the fly line. To make it even easier to tie, you will need a small tube. The benefit of this knot is the straight line connection it can provide.

Tying the Nail knot

1. Hold the end of your line and the tube with your left forefinger and thumb so you have around two inches of each sticking to the right.

2. Use your right hand to make a 12-inch loop using the thickest leader end. Hold the lump next to the fly line and tub with your left forefinger and thumb.

3. Grab the leader loop’s sort leg using your right hand and make five tight wraps around the fly line and tube.

4. Make sure you slide your forefinger and thumb forward in order to prevent the wraps from unwinding as you work your leader butt’s tag end through your tube in a left-to-right direction. Slide the tube to the left to remove it.

5. Pull on either end of the leader to half-tighten the knot. Don’t pull on your fly line. Moisten the area of the knot, make sure it is smooth, then pull on either end of your leader to "bite" into your fly line. Then, pull on the fly line and leader to seal the knot.

Surgeon’s knot

The Double Surgeon's Knot

This is used to tie your tipper to your leader. It is simply a double overhand knot.

Cinch knot

You can use this knot to tie your fly and tippet together. This is the knot you are likely to use the most when fly fishing.

Tying a cinch knot

1. Put five or six inches of your tippet though your fly hook eye and make six turns.

2. Push the tippet’s tag end through the hole between the first wrap and the hook eye.

3. Push your tag end into this open loop. Pull so the knot starts to close.

4. Moisten your knot and pull alternatively on the hook and the standing part of the tippet until your knot sits nicely against your hook eye.

5. Finally, with all of the knots mentioned above, be sure to test it!